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    Limfom High Grade la pisica

    Din nou despre limfomul la pisica. Un alt caz de limfom High Grade la o pisica de cca. 10 ani, cateva semne digestive nespecifice. Ecografic se identifica o splina cu ecogenitate modificata, crestere in volum, contur neregulat. Aceasta este supusa unui FNA ecoghidat. Metoda asigura o buna sensibilitate si convergenta cu diagnosticul histopatologic in cazul limfomului, spre deosebire de alte posibile diagnostice. Suplimentar, aspectul intestinal este mereu de luat in seama. Stratificarea este in mod evident modificata, straturile submucos si muscular fiind marite relativ simetric (spre deosebire de limfomul Low Grade, unde stratul muscular este cel mai des dublu in inaltime, fata de cel submucos) iar grosimea generala a intestinului…

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    High Grade Lymphoma in cats

    In all cats, lymphoma is a common finding. Most of the cats with lymphoma have an altered general state, some of them will have digestive signs. Routine abdominal US scan can outline several changes, depending on the grade of lymphoma. High and low grade are the most common findings but bear different outcomes. The good part in lymphoma is the good sensitivity of the FNA test. Cytological exam can have a very good correlation with the final diagnosis. In this case, the renal FNA and the small intestinal mass FNA test positive for a high grade lymphoma in a 13y cat, female s. Do not lose sight of some other…

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    Mastocitomul canin (High grade Kiupel)

    Ce sa faci cand nu mai este nimic de facut?! Mastocitomul (MCT) High grade (Kiupel) este un diagnostic cu prognostic grav, mai ales cand este deja cu metastaze. Acest catel a urmat un protocol medicamentos, la fiecare doua saptamani, 24 de saptamani la rand. Intr-un final au aparut recidivele, la aproximativ 1,6 ani de la diagnostic. O masa tumorala imposibil de atacat medicamentos a necesitat o interventie chirurgicala de reducere drept pregatire pentru terapia ulterioara. Se stia de la inceput ca interventia chirurgicala va fi imposibil sa respecte indicatorii optimi de vindecare. Cu toate acestea, zona afectata, cerintele chirurgicale minimale, incarcatura emotionala, fac ca aceasta interventie sa fie la limita…

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    Apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma in dogs

    Apocrine gland anal sac ADC accounts for 2% of all skin tumors. Anal sac ADC is more common in dogs and very rare in catsOther anal sac tumors include adenoma and SCC. Metastasis and hypercalcemia is rare in cats with anal sac ADC but common in dogs.Metas: 56%-79% metastatic rate at the time of diagnosis with regional lymph node very common (47%-72%). Metastatic sites: regional lymph nodes (sublumbar), lungs, spleen, bone (appendicular and axial skeleton), pancreas, heart, and mediastinum.Surgery: Aggressive saline diuresis ± diuretic therapy may be required prior to surgery if hypercalcemic with renal failure. Wide local resection: Resection of < 50% of anal sphincter will cause transient but…

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    Oral squamous cell carcinoma in dog, bilateral rostral mandibulectomy-Carcinom scvamocelular oral la câine, mandibulectomie rostrala bilaterala

    Bilateral rostral mandibulectomy is indicated as treatment for rostral mandibular tumors (Squamous cell carcinoma, SCC, in this dog). This was a retroincisive tumor. Position is dorsal recumbency, with better exposure for dissection and osteotomy. Labial mucoasa is incised with at least 1 cm gross margins and dissection is continued around mandibular body. Next is the osteotomy of the mandible with rapid bleeding control from the mandibular canal. Mandibular stabilisation is not necessary.Complications, as in this case, are not uncommon and are wound dehiscence, bone edge exposure, pain, drooling, excessive tongue.There are different ways of approaching dehiscence. Preventing wound tension, vertical mattress suture use, hole drilling, bone edge with no tooth…